Nowadays one of the most serious issues of human health is obesity that is excessive fat deposit harmful for health. We gain weight when the amount of consumed calories is bigger than the amount of calories we spend. The regulation of the consumed calorie amounts depends not only on a diet but also on physical exercising.
Among the reasons of obesity there are unhealthy eating habits, inheritance, some hormonal diseases, use of some medicines, social, economic and psychological factors and inactive way of life. Being a problem itself, obesity can cause diabetes, cardio vascular diseases, articular diseases, gall bladder diseases, liver diseases, insomnia, some types of cancer, polycystic ovary syndrome, psychological disorders, hypertension etc.
It must be individual. That is why a diet program must be developed only after a specialist doctor estimates the following factors.
- Physical characteristics (height, weight, activity level)
- Health condition (health problems, medicines used)
- Family status
- Obesity period
- Eating habits (favorite and unloved food, time of meals)
- Social conditions (social circle, job)
- Psychological condition
The developed diet program must include a necessary amount of energy, proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals depending on the age, sex, health condition and blood test results of the patient. The metabolism of the organism must not be decreased. A diet must provide fat loss method without loosing muscle bulk.
In our clinic diet programs are developed by a dietician doctor. There are scientifically incorrect diet programs like diets disregarding individual characteristics (especially from newspapers and magazines), fast weight loss diets (miraculous shock diets), low caloric diets disregarding individual needs and doctoral control, special food diets that do not engrain healthy eating habits, diets based on single-type food nutrition, diuretic medicines and saunas that can cause dehydration instead of losing kilos. Such diets can never be developed by a qualified specialist.
How can I count the excess weight?
Obesity means excessive fat deposit, so that the body weight is bigger that the normal body mass on the basis of body height and weight ratio. If we consume more energy than we spend the body starts storing fat. In order to learn if there are excess fat deposits in the body a special way of calculation and measurement is used. One of them is Body Mass Index (BMI) which equals a person's weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared. It reveals if we have excess weight and how much it is.
1) Body Mass Index (BMI) = Weight/ (Height)²Results;
18.5 kg/m2 Underweight
18.5-24.9 kg/m2 Normal (healty)
25-29.9 kg/m2 Overweight
30-39.9 kg/m2 Obese
40 kg/m2 greater Morbid Obese
2) Waist size is another criterion. Waist size should not exceed
with women 88 cm;
with men 102 cm.
3) The third measurement method is waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) when the waist measurement is divided by the hip measurement.
Women > 0,85
Men > 1
A person with following measurement results is considered overweight.
Can scientifically unfounded diet programs be harmful?
When sticking to a scientifically groundless diet without doctoral control a patient usually loses muscle bulk instead of excess fat. Low caloric food consumption starts the organism's protection mode and metabolism slows down. Fat burning slows down and the body starts storing fat to retain the energy. When the diet is over and a person starts eating a little more than during the diet the body immediately gains weight. It is caused by slow metabolism. Every next diet makes the body metabolism slower, and as a result it gets easier and faster to gain weight but harder to lose. Such person will have to observe diets continually or suffer from excess weight for the rest of life. Besides, such diets can cause problems like head ache, concentration disorder, nervousness, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, urine bladder and kidney stones, heart rhythm disorders, hypotension, menstruation period disorders, skin dryness, hair loss, hair thinness, numbness, cold intolerance, protein in urine, fat acids in blood, lipid tissue and cholesterol increase.